• One of the scheduled languages of India and the official language of Kerala, Lakshadweep and Mahi.
  • Spoken by 36 Million people.
  • Derived from ancient Tamil of 6 th century.
  • First appeared in writing in 830 AD.
  • Inroads by Brahmins into Kerala's cultural life in early second Millennium assimilated Indo-Aryan features into Malayalam.
  • Earliest Malayalam prose is a commentary on Chanakya's “ Arthashastra” named as “Baasha Kaudilyam”
  • Malayalam is a melting pot of languages like Sanskrit, Prakrits, Pali, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic, Persian, Portuguese, Dutch, French and English.
  • Malayalam is the only major language without diglossia (spoken does not differ from written variant).
  • In 17 th Century, Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachen, known as the Father of Malayalam Language, used the modern Malayalam script in his books such as Ramayana
  • Anglican Priest Benjamin Bailey made the first Malayalam types and started printing Malayalam books published by Church Mission Society (CMS) at Kottayam in 1821.
  • Hermann Gundert from Germany started the first Malayalam newspaper in 1847.
  • Earlier literature of Malayalam are Nadanpattu, Manipravalam and Folk Songs.

 

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