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SPOKEN MALAYALAM - 1
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Lesson 5
Malayalam Alphabets & Easy Words
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
Lesson 8
Lesson 9
Lesson 10
Lesson 11
Lesson 12
Lesson 13
Lesson 14
Lesson 15
Lesson 16
Lesson 17
Lesson 18
SPOKEN MALAYALAM - 2
Lesson 19
Lesson 20
Lesson 21
Lesson 22
NUMBERS
Lesson 23
Simple Sentences with Two Words
Lesson 24
Lesson 25
Lesson 26
Simple Sentences with Three Words
Lesson 27
-Glossary
 
A POEM
An Article
A Story by VKN
Glossary - Part 1
Conclusion - Part 1
 

Click on the to play the corresponding audio

LESSON 7 - Vowels(Swarangal)  

- Modern Malayalam has 13 Vowels and 38 Consonants. Various combinations of these Vowels and Consonants can reduce any word or sound to writing. This is a unique advantage of Malayalam, which is the only major language without diglossia (spoken does not differ from written variant).

- Six Vowels have a short form and a long form, making twelve Vowels.  They are given in pairs below. Three Vowels have single forms only.

First Pair
A (a) Short form
Ad (aRa) = Compartment, Store

B (aa) Long form. When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol m
B\ (aana) = Elephant
Second Pair
C (i) Short form. When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol n
C\w (inam) = Item, Category

Cu (ee ) Long form. When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol o 
Cud (eeRa) = Bamboo

Third Pair:
D (u) Short form. When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol p
Dd (uRa) = case, cover
Du (U) Long form. When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol q
Du\w (Unam) = shortage, deficit
Fourth Pair:
F (e) Short form) - When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol s
Fd (era) = veranda
G (E) Long form) - When used with another alphabet it is represented by the symbol t
G\w (Enam) = Convenience
Fifth Pair:
H (o) Short form.When used with another alphabet it is represented by combination of symbols s and m
HX (otha) – step, support
Hm (O) Long form.  When used with another alphabet it is represented by the combination of symbols t and m
Hmcw (Oram) – side
Single Forms:
E (ŗ) When used with another alphabet it is represented by symbol r
EXp (ŗithu) – season
sF (ai) When used with another alphabet it is represented by  symbol ss
sFcw (airam) – ocean, sound
Hu (au) When used with another alphabet it is represented by symbol u
Huh (ouwa) – mother, goddess of knowledge

Consonants - VYANJANANGAL  

There are Thirty Eight Consonants.
Each consonant is formed by an alphabet with vowel A like
Iv
+ A = I or Kv + A = K

LESSON 8 – KAVARGAM 
I, J, K, L, M
This lesson introduces the first family of the consonants, which is “Kavargam”. I (Ka) is the first consonant and I family consists of five letters.

I (Ka) – Id (kaRa)   = Stain
J (kha) - Jcw (kharam) = Solid
K (ga) - Km\w (gaanam) = Song
L (gha) - L\w (ghanam) = Weight
M (nga) - ss]M (painga) = Tender Areca Nut

Each of the above consonants has thirteen formations with thirteen vowels except M which has only twelve formations excluding E .  An example with I (Ka) is given below:

I Im In Io Ip Iq Ir sI tI ssI sIm tIm Iu
ka kaa ki kee ku koo Kru ke kae kai ko kO kow

EXERCISE


The student is instructed to fill in the blanks in the table below, following the examples given above. The student should write down the pronunciation in English and learn the pronunciation. Click here to download the exercise sheet.

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